and in particular the management and reduction of risk continue to pose a challenge. Photo: Phil Moore / Concern Worldwide. Indigenous knowledge can also be used for early warnings. For half the year this area is flooded and for the other half the waters recede allowing the islanders to grow crops on land. The humanitarian and Disaster Risk Reduction field is, however, beginning to open up to considerations of religion for example, academics are starting to contemplate the role of Christian churches in African development, and liberation theology is attracting some attention. Here, we look into hazard dynamics at the community level, starting with an identification of all hazards that may happen, and then understanding them in greater detail. In the urban context, for instance, price fluctuations can lead to food crises in cities like Nairobi. Disaster risk reduction: Why do we need accurate disaster mortality data to strengthen policy and practice? Concern Worldwide, a company limited by guarantee, Registered Company Number: 39647, Registered Revenue Number: CHY 5745, Hazard and risk information may be used to inform a broad range of activities to reduce risk, from improving building codes and designing risk reduction measures (such as flood and storm surge protection), to carrying out macro-level assessments of the risks to different types of buildings (for prioritizing investment in reconstruction and retrofitting, for example). disaster risk reduction and the data and information has been gathered from research papers on electronic databases along with conference proceedings and reports published by various institutions. STATE TIMES NEWS. Hazards are influenced by lots of factors such as policies, population demographics and climate change, and these risks can change through time. DRR always starts with a risk analysis – and the projects that Concern runs under the disaster risk reduction banner are always context specific, and address particular hazards in particular places. Indeed, both natural hazards and NATECH disasters have devastating impacts on human livelihoods and territorial assets due to the lack of data interoperability, as prevention and preparation actions are precluded by lack of information or stagnant information flows. is the global roadmap for reducing human and economic loss as a direct result of disasters. These jackstones will eventually turn into an artificial reef which will aid in fish production and help the livelihood of the many local fishermen. In most countries where we work, we can’t expect any greater depth of analysis other than on a broad national, or sometimes regional, level. Find out more about this, and our other work, by following us on Instagram. This report explores the factors influencing the barriers to data interoperability, big data as a complex resource, the role of data in the Sendai monitoring process, and Data E-STAG, a European initiative to enhance data interoperability for disaster risk reduction. However, a barrier to the realization and exploitation of this potential arises from incompatible data standards and the nomenclatures used in different disciplines. This paper is a contribution to the 2019 edition of the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR 2019). Two boats travel across the Haor flood plains of North East Bangladesh. The collaborative disaster risk governance framework promises better collaboration between governments, the private sector, civil society, academia, and communities at risks. In Zambia, farmers have noticed that the times that certain trees flower, or when certain birds migrate, also gives them advanced warning of season change and whether the year will be a ‘good’ or a ‘bad’ one. The examples provided in this study can be used to demonstrate the benefits of Indigenous Knowledge in Disaster Risk Reduction to communities. However, a significant amount of Concern Worldwide’s work is ensuring that these extreme responses aren’t needed in the first place. For example, I was told of a type of snail in Montería, Colombia, that tends to congregate in groups on the side of houses prior to the onset of the flood season. The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction brings together the world’s experts on how the natural environment has evolved tools to buffer against natural hazards in real, sustainable and cost effective ways. The role of ecosystems in disaster risk reduction, Renaud, Sudmeier-Rieux and Estrella (eds), United Nations University Press, 2013, ISBN 978-92-808-1221-3 1 The relevance of ecosystems for disaster risk reduction Fabrice G . With climate change, however, these indigenous signals derived from generations of observation may be changing; but this uncertainty can also be captured and analysed in a risk analysis, and still used for planning. Having in mind that the number of natural disasters is constantly growing, and it produces more serious consequences for the humans and their material goods, it is essential all the preventive measures to be taken in order to reduce the risk of The hazards can be natural or human derived, and include earthquakes, floods, cyclones, droughts, price spikes, conflict and contagious diseases. Though the Government bears the primary responsibility of . DRR – disaster risk reduction – is the process of protecting the livelihoods and assets of communities and individuals from the impact of hazards. Role of urban design and planning in disaster risk reduction Recent disasters in cities worldwide have highlighted the fragility of built environments to a range of hazards and increased concerns about the resilience of cities, with contemporary discussions considering how physical/protective interventions can be integrated into the built environment. Disasters come in all shapes and sizes, and so the tools we use to reduce risk are just as varied. The 2000s saw a number of declarations, policies, strategies, plans and programmes developed. Hence, building the capacity of OH professionals in disaster risk reduction approaches and principles so they can undertake a more effective role in disaster and emergency situations is important. View document. In a nation where 80 per cent of the population is dependent on subsistence agriculture for survival, natural disasters cause loss of lives, income and communal assets, and destroy livelihoods. Here are some examples: Indigenous perspectives and knowledge are doubtlessly important shapers of the way we work, and ultimately, the people who live in risk should have the last word on how risk is addressed and reduced. The recently adopted Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 addresses knowledge-related issues and provides the opportunity to highlight the critical role of knowledge in disaster risk reduction. (2009). To cite this paper: Migliorini, M. et al. It is one of the few approaches that can impact all elements of the disaster risk equation - mitigating hazards, reducing exposure, reducing vulnerabilitiesand increasing the resilience of exposed communities. Photo: Gideon Mendel / Concern Worldwide. THE ROLE OF ECOSYSTEMS IN DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, BY: FABRICE G. RENAUD, KAREN SUDMEIER-RIEUX AND MARISOL ESTRELLA, UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY PRESS, SHIBUYA-KU, TOKYO, 2013, 486 PAGES, ISBN 978-92-808-1221-3, PRICE: US $40.00. Reasons for this are multiple: ecosystem … It has created the potential for disciplines of science to synergize into a holistic understanding of the complex challenges currently confronting humanity; the Sustainable Development Goals are a direct reflection of this. Thanks to science and technology, we already know much about natural hazards and about the ways and means to avoid or reduce many of their effects. Photo: Dom Hunt / Concern Worldwide. This is a very interesting book that every student, scholar, policymaker, and economist should have in their library as a basis to better … When you think about humanitarian action, extreme images probably spring to mind: food distributions in famine-stricken areas, or camps of temporary shelters built in the wake of some catastrophic natural disaster, for example. 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